Most people believe that engine oil is the engine’s lifeblood to function correctly. You may be wondering if this statement is true or not. But looking at the oil functions, you will see that the statement is true. The oil functions are to lubricate the car engine’s components, minimize friction, and reduce component wear.
As a result, the engine becomes dirty and changes its color when performing its functions. However, you need not worry about how engine oil gets dirty because it is only performing its job. Read on to learn the Causes of Dirty Engine Oil.
How Does Engine Oil Work?
Before we start discussing how engine oil works, we need to quickly explain the essential functions of the engine oil in your car engine. This will help us understand the engine oil’s operating principles better.
Functions of the Engine Oil
The primary function of the engine oil is to lubricate the moving components inside your engine. These components include the valve stems, rings, pistons, and bearings. The engine oil ensures the smooth movement of the components while reducing component wear and friction.
Another function of the engine oil is to absorb and transfer heat from the engine components. The combustion process and friction in your engine block produces heat. Therefore, the engine oil will not only minimize friction, but it absorbs the heat generated.
Furthermore, the engine oil helps to clean the engine. Motor oils contain additives like viscosity improvers, special detergents, friction modifiers, and cleaning agents. The function of these additives is to prevent sludging (that is, the buildup of smaller particles such as varnish and carbon deposit in your engine.
In conclusion, clean engine oil helps increase engine service life, protect engine components, reduce mechanical breakdowns, and improve operating efficiency. To ensure that your vehicle runs smoothly, you need to change the oil when it gets dirty.
How Does It Work?
Your car engine lubrication system is made of different components which work together to ensure the smooth operation of your car engine. One of the components in the lubrication system is the sump or oil pan (where the oil is stored). The oil pan is usually located at the bottom of the engine.
Another component in the lubrication oils system is the oil pump. It is to pump and circulate the motor oil through the car engine. In other words, it draws the oil from the oil pan and circulates it through the oil galleries. You may liken the operation of the oil pump to the heart in a human body.
As the oil pump circulates the engine oil through the engine, the oil absorbs the heat generated by the moving components. Then, heat absorbed by the oil is transferred to the sump, which will be dissipated by the air blowing past the sump. This process goes on and on while your vehicle is in motion.
A thin lubricating film or residue is left behind on the moving components when the engine oil is pumped through the engine by pressure. The film helps create a slick or slippery surface that separates the moving metal parts, thus reducing friction.
The function of the filter is to remove metal debris and other impurities in the oil before the oil pump transfers the oil back to the engine. Failure to remove harmful materials in the oil may cause damage. To ensure the proper function of engine oil in your car, you need to buy the correct type and viscosity (the weight of the oil).
There are different grades and types of engine oil in the market. To know the best quality of engine oil for your vehicle, you can check the manufacturer’s manual or ask an expert. The two types of engine oil in the market are conventional oil and synthetic oil. Synthetic oil has longer usable life and performs better, but it is more expensive than traditional oil.
Causes of Dirty Engine Oil
Since the engine oil is poured into the engine without dirt, you may wonder how engine oil gets dirty? Below, we will explain some of the causes of dirty engine oil:
Engine oil travels from the sump to the engine countless times and works very hard to keep your engine cool and lubricate the engine’s moving components while the vehicle is in motion. Unfortunately, while the oil travels through the engine, it collects ash on the wall of the engine’s cylinders. This ash is one of the causes of dirty engine oil.
As the oil travels through the engine, it also picks up harmful materials such as metal debris, carbon, and other impurities that can damage your car engine. The filter collects these toxic materials when the engine oil travels from the engine to the sump and becomes dirty, resulting in dirty engine oil.
Dirty engine oil is expected, so you shouldn’t be scared when your engine oil is dirty. But you must change the dirty oil as soon as possible before it damages your car.
How Does Engine Oil Get Dirty and Affect Engine?
One of the popular questions that many car owners ask is will dirty oil affect my engine? To understand how dirty oil affect engine better, we need first to explain the meaning of dirty engine oil.
What is dirty engine oil?
Dirty engine oil is an oil that contains a lot of contaminants and can no longer perform its functions. The impurities in the oil change its color and make it thick. The oil travels through the engine, but it won’t be able to lubricate the engine and transfer heat.
What does dirty oil do to my engine?
You may continue to drive your car with dirty oil, but you need to know that it can cause more severe damage. Below, we will explain how dirty oil affects your engine:
- Dirty oil travels through the engine, but it doesn’t absorb and transfer heat, which may lead to overheating. Overheating may blow up your gasket.
- Dirty oil will reduce horsepower, mileage, and engine performance. Also, it will shorten the lifespan of your engine. To avoid all these issues mentioned above, you need to change your engine oil once it is dirty.
- One of the primary functions of engine oil is to lubricate the moving components in the engine, but dirty oil cannot perform this function. As a result, wear increases, and oil pressure also decreases.
- Another issue caused by dirty oil is the high consumption of gas. The engine works harder when the oil is dirty. Therefore, more gas is consumed. Aside from that, dirty engine oil can destroy engine components or wreck your engine.
It is advisable to change the oil regularly to avoid issues caused by dirty oil. You can change it by yourself or take it to an automobile workshop.
Clean Vs. Dirty Engine OilClean and new engine oil has an amber color appearance. It lubricates the moving components in the engine and increases the engine’s performance. Also, it doesn’t consume much gas and helps your engine run more efficiently with less effort.
In contrast, dirty engine oil has a dark or black color. The dirt, contaminants, and impurities collected from the engine change its color. The harmful pollutant affects the oil’s viscosity and prevents it from performing its function efficiently.
Dirty Engine Oil Symptoms
Oil changes are one of the simple car services that car owners need to do regularly. Regular oil changes will enhance the overall performance of your engine and increase your engine lifespan. Now the question is, how will you know that your engine oil is dirty? The following are dirty engine oil symptoms:
Knocking and Loud Noise
Engine oil prevents metal-on-metal contact by providing a lubricating film which helps to create a slippery surface. The engine oil won’t be able to perform this function when it gets dirty. Therefore, the engine oil will produce loud noises like rumbling, knocking, and rumbling. Ensure that you change the oil once you see this sign before it leads to severe damage.
Clean engine oil has an amber appearance, but the color changes when it becomes dirty. The dirt and other impurities collected from the engine darken the oil. To know the level and color of the oil, you can check the dipstick. If the oil is thick and dark, you need to change it as soon as possible.
Check Engine Light or Oil Change
The check engine light on the dashboard indicates when there is any problem with your engine. Whenever you see the oil change light, you need to quickly pull aside and check the level and color of your engine oil. Please do not ignore this warning sign because it may lead to engine damage and costlier repairs.
The smell of oil inside your car indicates that there is a leak. Oil smell mixed with exhaust fumes or the smell of gas means that your engine is overheating. Please make sure you quickly fix an overheating engine issue before it damages your car or starts a fire.
Another dirty engine oil symptom is exhaust smoke. When you see smoke when driving your car, it could be a sign of dirty oil, an oil leak, or a fault in the engine. You need to take your vehicle to an automobile workshop for a diagnostic test to know the exact problem.
Important Note: When you notice one or more of the symptoms listed above, ensure you check your oil level and the color of your oil as soon as possible. This will help to prevent excessive wear and damage.
How Long Does it Take for Engine Oil to Get Dirty?
A car is expected to travel about 5,000 to 7,000 miles before the engine oil gets dirty. However, you can travel more than 10,000 miles before your oil get dirty if your car uses synthetic oil. Some experts also recommend that you change your engine oil every three months.
However, if you notice one or more dirty engine oil symptoms before the recommended time, you need to change the oil as soon as possible to prevent excessive damage. This is because engine oil gets dirty so fast due to many reasons. Read the section below to know why your engine oil gets dirty fast.
Why Does My Engine Oil Get Dirty so Fast?
The primary job of the engine oil is to lubricate the moving components in the engine and ensure that the engine is always clean. Unfortunately, as the engine oil moves through the engine to perform its duty, it gets dirty after some time.
So, you should not be scared when your oil gets dirty, but you should be concerned if your engine oil gets dirty so fast. Some of the reasons why your engine oil gets dirty so fast are:
Clogged Oil Filter
The oil filter removes the dirt that the oil collects while moving through the engine. It ensures that the dirt and harmful contaminants do not go back to your engine and damage it. However, the oil filter becomes less efficient over time after accumulating a lot of dirt and other harmful properties.
The clogged oil filter will dirty the oil and hinder the free flow of oil, leading to a low oil level. Therefore, experts recommend checking your oil filter when changing your oil. Putting a new oil in a clogged oil filter will quickly make your engine oil get dirty.
A factor that contributes to the breakdown of your oil is heat. An engine under normal conditions should not exceed a temperature above 230 degrees. However, an overheating engine may exceed this temperature, directly affecting your oil’s viscosity.
The engine oil’s viscosity helps protect the engine oil from heat and other stressors. Your engine oil will lose its viscosity much faster if it is overheating. Also, it will make the engine oil susceptible to different kinds of contaminants and get dirty fast.
A large amount of dirt will enter your engine if the system is not closed well. Therefore, the oil is exposed to a large amount of dirt, making it dirty so fast.
Note: Other reasons your engine oil gets dirty fast are increased oxidation, fuel dilution, coolant leak, water contamination, extended engine wear, and tear.
Does Synthetic Oil Get Dirty?
Yes, both synthetic and conventional oil gets dirty. But the only difference between the two is that synthetic oil has longer usable life and performs better than traditional oil.
What Causes Engine Oil to Black?
The primary reason engine oil turns black is that it performs its job. You can read the Causes of Dirty Engine Oil section in this article for a more detailed answer about why engine oil turns black.
In conclusion, we hope we have been able to answer your question; how does engine oil get dirty? You should not be scared when your engine oil gets dirty, but you should be concerned when your motor oil gets dirty so fast. To avoid excessive damage, make sure you perform regular oil changes anytime you notice the dirty engine oil symptoms. We hope you had a good read.