Smelling exhaust fumes in your car cabin is pretty unpleasant and unhealthy. If you have been getting foul odors or odors that smell like exhaust fumes while inside the car, it is very much likely that something is wrong with it. Odors like rotten egg’s smell, a sweet candy-like smell, or the smell of gas fumes are all indicators of some problem with the car exhaust port or related parts.
Some of the most common reasons why your car smells like exhaust while idling are a damaged catalytic converter, high air/fuel ratio, failing heater core, an exhaust leak, etc. Keep reading to find out more about the top reasons behind this problem and how to fix it.
Top 3 Reasons Why Your Car Smells Like Exhaust When Idling
#1. Catalytic Converter
Your car’s catalytic converter can overheat with usage and get contaminated with gasoline from the exhaust. It can also wear out after years of usage. This situation can give rise to a sulfur smell (like rotten eggs) coming from your exhaust. You might also get this smell from the cabin.
You could also get this smell if the converter gets clogged. Other causes behind a rotten egg-like smell include a broken fuel pressure regulator and a too hot engine. The fuel pressure regulator issue can be dealt with by having the fuel filter replaced.
Solution: You need to clean and repair the catalytic converter. If you can’t do it yourself then take it to a trained technician. Moreover, you might also need to replace the catalytic converter if it is required to. Keep in mind that you can save your catalytic converter if the problem is identified early enough.
Ensure that you get it fixed yourself or from a mechanic else your car won’t pass the emissions testing. In addition to that, you will also notice a decreased acceleration and fuel efficiency while driving your car.
#2. High Air – Fuel Ratio
It’s unusual to smell gasoline while you drive. If you do smell gasoline while driving, the case might be due to a fuel leak. However, these are quite uncommon with modern cars. So, it is most likely that unburned gasoline is being dumped into your exhaust via a rich air/fuel mixture. It is possible that too much fuel is going inside your engine or maybe enough air is not reaching inside, so automatic compensation is not possible.
Too much gasoline entering the exhaust can result in a backfire as well. It could also damage your catalytic converter. If the gasoline smell is seconded with black smoke emitted from the tailpipe, then the reasons could be common issues like leaky fuel injectors, clogged engine air filter, poor mass airflow sensor, etc. It could also be due to a damaged throttle body or malfunctioned oxygen sensor.
Solution: You can correct this problem easily by appropriately tuning your engine. The problem could be due to not using the right brand of gasoline for your car. This might hinder your engine and exhaust from working fine.
Hence, it results in a gas-like smell coming from the exhaust or engine. Another fix you could try is cleaning the fuel injector. It is likely that your car’s fuel injector is clogged and requires cleaning.
#3. Leaky Exhaust
The first thing that might come to your mind when you smell exhaust fumes in your car cabin is that your exhaust might be leaking. To be a bit more specific, this could be from a leaked catalytic converter, some broken exhaust pipe, or a damaged muffler. And when you drive, this exhaust from the system can get inside the cabin and spread an unpleasant odor.
Keep in mind that the exhaust fumes contain carbon monoxide which is lethal when absorbed by the body in high concentrations.
If you hear a rattling or rumbling sound coming from your car while you drive, it is probably an exhaust leak. The sound gets muffled by the exhaust muffler and so the exhaust leak from the muffler causes this kind of sound.
Solution: To address this issue, you need to locate the leaks and patch the leaking exhaust with an exhaust tape or seal. Else, you should go to a car service center to have the exhaust leak patched or replace the damaged muffler. Once done, your car should sound, smell, and work properly again.
#4. Failing Heater Core
The exhaust smell problem could also happen if any antifreeze has been leaking into the system. This leak could be in a hose connected to the heater core or maybe your heater is cracked. Another sign of this problem is antifreeze dripping from the side of the heater core. Moreover, the heater core could have broken seals. Mostly, a sweet smell like that of cinnamon, maple syrup, or butterscotch indicates that there is a heater core leak. If you have such a heater core or coolant problem with your car, it could also cause your car to overheat.
Solution: If you find the above symptoms matching your car’s condition, you should stop driving and have your car towed to any nearby repair center. They will inspect the heater core and fix it either by patching or replacing it entirely. Or you could also fix the leaking heater core on your own by finding and sealing the leak with a store-bought gasket sealer.
#5. Broken Door or Window Seals
Over time, your car’s door and window seals can wear out and degrade. If they have been failing, then exhaust fumes can leak into your car. This could make driving dangerous as the leaky exhaust fumes can increase carbon monoxide levels in your body that can cause dizziness, confusion, carbon monoxide poisoning, etc.
Solution: In such a situation, you should roll down your windows and safely pull over your car. A DIY fix for your car door or window seals by using silicon-like glue or adhesive to fix the seals back in place.
That’s all from our side on why your car smells like exhaust. We hope that you have understood the various causes behind the problem and realized what should be done when your car smells weird. Keep in mind that carbon monoxide is quite dangerous and can cause severe problems like dizziness, nausea, respiratory problems, blackout, and even death. Hence, you should definitely get your car checked if it starts smelling like exhaust.